After 9/11, several federal agencies were tasked with homeland security. State and local law enforcement have a leading role in homeland security because of its presence in communities, and its ability to gather information. State and local law enforcement also have a special role in terms of recognizing the possible terrorist activity and coordinating preventative measures from multiple community partnerships. Planning is a crucial part of the process. While the infrastructure is critical, symbolic targets also have a special significance. Finally, all partners responsible for homeland security must create a culture of information sharing.