The images of mammy have lasted through slavery, reconstruction, Jim Crow and even today. Though it has changed over time it is still an oppressive image. In What Lies Beneath: The Epistemic Roots of White Supremacy Toole describes what she believes are the five parts to a resilient epistemological system. First, they must be made up of beliefs that remain mostly unchanged. Secondly, they structure what we think and participate in the world. Third, they are self-masking which according to Tools is one of the most defining features of a resilient epistemological system. Followed by the systems ability to replicate itself while simultaneously silencing views that could threaten the very way it functions. I want to analyze the portrait of African American women as “mammy”. Using both the resiliency framework and Collins’s analysis in “Controlling images and Black Women’s oppression” to show how oppressive systems are resilient. 1. The concept of “Mammy” is made up of beliefs that today remain unchanged. 2. The images of black women as mammy influences what roles they provide in society. 3. “The mammy image is designed to mask this economic exploitation of social class”-Collins 4. Oppressive images of black women are replicated by … ß not to sure. 5. I am a bit short on how I would describe its silencing nature. the resilience of the mammy ideal is a great way to get at Dotson and Toole. It’s worth noting that Dotson uses this example from Collins in her Epistemic Violence paper, so I agree with Aubrey that you should revisit that text, and perhaps that can help you flesh out its silencing function. I would suggest, for this paper, focusing less on the images that produce the mammy ideal, and perhaps digging into the kinds of knowledges the mammy image produces — ., what it makes it difficult for us to know/see about Black women (and by extension the Black family). I think, in this, you could link it to your other interest in Black maternal care and mortality: how does the mammy controlling image serve to justify the mistreatment of Black women as mothers? The mammy constructs Black women as always already owing the labor/drudgery of mothering, while denying them the kind of fetishized pregnancy that is forced upon/enjoyed by white women. This might allow you to connect this argument to the Harris? It also, I think, offers a frame for mapping why Black reclamations of motherhood/pregnancy have been so radical — Beyonce’s performance at the Grammys, . ——————————————————————————————————————————————– Everything before this was an open conversation between me and a professor the first part was my proposal and the second was her fine tuning it. Please use my layout and I will provide the readings. Please reach out if you have any questions you have to use all the sources I provide they are quite long but get to the main points.